The Crucified King
22 And they brought Him to the place called Golgotha (which means Place of a Skull). 23 And they offered Him wine mixed with myrrh, but He did not take it. 24 And they crucified Him and divided His garments among them, casting lots for them, to decide what each should take. 25 And it was the third hour when they crucified Him. 26 And the inscription of the charge against Him read, “The King of the Jews.” 27 And with Him they crucified two robbers, one on His right and one on His left. 29 And those who passed by derided Him, wagging their heads and saying, “Aha! You who would destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days, 30 save yourself, and come down from the cross!” 31 So also the chief priests with the scribes mocked him to one another, saying, “He saved others; He cannot save Himself. 32 Let the Christ, the King of Israel, come down now from the cross that we may see and believe.” Those who were crucified with Him also reviled him." (Mark 15:22-32, ESV)
GOLGOTHA WAS A PLACE TO FULFIL PROPHESY!
" 17 For God did not send His Son into the world to condemn the world, but in order that the world might be saved through Him. 18 Whoever believes in Him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only Son of God." (John 3:17-18, ESV)
"Behold, My servant shall act wisely; He shall be high and lifted up, and shall be exalted" (Isaiah 52:13, ESV)
"He was despised and rejected by men, a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief; and as one from whom men hide their faces He was despised, and we esteemed Him not." (Isaiah 53:3, ESV)
"He was pierced for our transgressions; He was crushed for our iniquities; upon Him was the chastisement that brought us peace, and with His wounds we are healed. 6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned—every one—to his own way; and the Lord has laid on Him the iniquity of us all." (Isaiah 53:5-6, ESV)
GOLGOTHA WAS A PLACE OF HORRIBLE DEATH!
"And they crucified Him..."
"A death by crucifixion seems to include all that pain and death can have of the horrible and ghastly dizziness, cramps, thirst, starvation, sleeplessness, traumatic fever, shame, publicity of shame, long continuance of torment, horror of anticipation, mortification of intended wounds-all intensified just up to the point at which they can be endured at all, but all stopping just short of the point which would give to the sufferer the relief of unconsciousness."
~ Frederick Farrar (author of The Life of Christ)
GOLGOTHA WAS A PLACE OF CRUELTY!
"The ugly depths of human depravity was clearly on display at Calvary. Mankind came face to face with his creator. Man did not bow down. Man did not worship. Man did not honor him. When mankind came face to face with the creator on Calvary, man killed his God." ~ Unknown
"For even the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many" (Mark 10:45, ESV)
" 21 But now the righteousness of God has been manifested apart from the law, although the Law and the Prophets bear witness to it— 22 the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all who believe. For there is no distinction:23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24 and are justified by his grace as a gift, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, 25 whom God put forward as a propitiation by his blood, to be received by faith. This was to show God's righteousness, because in his divine forbearance he had passed over former sins. 26 It was to show his righteousness at the present time, so that he might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus. (Romans 3:21-26, ESV)
Week 4 - The Crucified King
Sunday’s message from Mark 15:22-35 concerned the death of our Savior, Jesus Christ. The crucifixion of Christ is a perfect embodiment of GOD’s wrath. Wrath is GOD’s response to unrighteousness and sin, and it was poured out on Christ so that we may have life and restored unity with our Creator. Today’s study will compare our perception of wrath with what scripture actually says about wrath in the hope that we will better understand the reason for the crucifixion.
Have you ever done something that you knew would result in someone being VERY angry with you? How did the anticipation of their anger affect you? Take the time and share any stories with your group?
One of the biggest misconceptions about “wrath” is that it is only taught in the Old Testament. The purpose of today’s study is to show that “wrath” is not an old, antiquated, archaic truth…but that it is taught through the entirety of scripture, and it is something to be cherished and not shamefully hidden. GOD’s Wrath is truly one of the most misunderstood and deemphasized traits of GOD in our culture.
The question at the heart of today’s study will be, “Who would understand GOD’s Wrath toward sinners better than CHRIST?”
Read Matt. 26.36-46 as a group.
1. In v39 JESUS compares GOD’s Wrath to a cup being passed. Then in v.41, He continues that analogy saying, that if it is GOD’s will, He will drink the cup. To what is this analogy referring to?
2. How does JESUS’ analogy of “drinking the cup” support the doctrine of “Substitutionary Atonement”?
3. JESUS takes his inner three (Peter, James, and John) and tells them that He is sorrowful and troubled in v37-38. What do we learn from v39 that has JESUS so sorrowful and troubled?
4. So, it is obvious that JESUS is anticipating the Wrath of GOD and that He is very troubled as a result. What does it say about the disciples that they are sleeping when JESUS returns?
5. What does JESUS’ response to Peter in v.41 communicate?
6. What evidence do we have in this passage that JESUS understood the severity of GOD’s Wrath?
Luke 22.39-46 is another account of the same event. Luke however, being a physician, adds a very interesting fact to this event. Read as a group Luke 22.44. This condition is known as Hematidrosis; where one actually sweats blood. It is caused by extreme stress and high blood pressure. As a group, discuss why JESUS would be in agony and physically sweating blood at the thought of entering into GOD’s Wrath, if it were not real and something to be feared!
7. The Wrath of GOD is something to be feared. But there is great news for those who decided to put their faith in JESUS CHRIST. As a group, turn to John 1.29 and read what the Apostle John writes about John the Baptist’s view of JESUS CHRIST.
We learned today that the Wrath of GOD is not just an Old Testament concept. We have also learned that just because CHRIST came to drink the Wrath of GOD on behalf of those who believe, does not mean that GOD’s Wrath does not still exist. It does exist and will be poured out on those who do not embrace JESUS CHRIST as their Lord and Savior. The truth of this doctrine may be lost on us, but who would know better the severity of GOD’s Wrath toward sinners…than CHRIST! It is very real and it is very severe. Just look at the effect that anticipating the Wrath of GOD had on JESUS. He was troubled and sorrowful, in agony, and began sweating blood.
If you are a believer, how can you live your life and display your thankfulness for CHRIST dying on the cross--drinking down the wrath that you earned?
If you are a non believer, what is it that motivates you to want to face this wrath on your own?